## Analogy

### Analogy means Similarity or bearing Resemblance.

Analogy tests are meant to test a candidate’s overall knowledge, power of reasoning and ability to think concisely and accurately.

#### In Questions based on this topic, you are given a pair of words or numbers having certain relationship From Alternatives provided, you have to select the choice that best matches the relationship existing between the first two words or letters.

### There are three types of Analogy:

#### (a) Number Analogy

**Example:**6:36 :: 10:?

a) 10

b) 1000

c) 100

d) 1

**Solution:**Relation is N:N

^{2}, so 6:36 similarly 10:100

**so answer is c**

**Example:**26:5:: 65:?

(a) 9

(b) 8

(c) 7

(d) 6

**Solution:**Here relationship is (x

^{2}+1):x, so (5

^{2}+1):5 similarly (8

^{2}+1):8

**so answer is b**

#### (b) Letter Analogy

**Example:**Find the Missing ACE:FHJ::OQS:?

a) PRT

b) RTU

c) TVX

d) UWY

**Solution:**

A(1)->1

**+2**=3=C(3) -> 3**+2**=5=E(5) Now**E+1**: F(6)->6**+2**=8=H(8) -> 8**+2**=10=J(10)Similarly

O(15)->15+2=17=Q(17) -> 17+2=19=S(19) Now S+1 : T(20)->20+2=22=V(22) -> 22+2=24=X(24)

**so answer is C**#### (c) Word Analogy

**Example:**Sailor : Ship : : Lawyer : ?

(a) Legal

(b) Law

(c) Court

(d) Ruling

**Solution:**(c) ‘Sailor’ works at ‘Ship’, similarly ‘Lawyer’ works at ‘Court’